How did Gadsden get started? Part 3


The Vagabond has been asked many times as to how Gadsden was started and information about the city’s early years. One of Gadsden’s early historians and mayors, Charles P. Smith (1863-1929), wrote about the early Gadsden and how it got started. He continues:

“Westward Ho! The star of the Empire takes its course, so Gadsden began to grow west from the river in 1845 with snail-like rapidity.

“But first, to revise a little of my thrilling chapter of last week, the printer made it say that Turrentine Hotel was Gadsden’s first house, which it was not by several shots. It was Gadsden’s first hotel. It also said in the post script, which I thought was to be the cutest thing in the whole chapter.               

“Meantime the Coosa was running right along from Rome to Greensport, stopping at the ports of Gadsden, gwine and er comin.’

“Which could be construed into meaning that the Coosa River ran to Greensport, stopped short, and turned right back to Rome, which would be a direct insult to the dignity of the grand old river.

“In fact it would not do it, if it could. Its flow will ever be onward to the Gulf, and to the Atlantic, inviting and pleading with our great statesmen to repair and fix up her weak places so that she may carry the product of the fertile valleys and mountains of North Alabama, together with its rich and varied minerals on out through the Panama Canal, to the countless millions of the empires of the East, and the world, adding wealth and permanent prosperity to this part of the domain of Old Glory, making conquests of peace with bombardments of food, cotton, and iron, which will make our great country arbiters of peace for the nations of the world; to say nothing of the material aid it will give in “the Benevolent Assimilation of the Philippines” with its Ingrotos, dog-eaters, and priests of Baal. It will come within the memory of the present generation.

“But to the Coosa, I meant of course the steamboat ‘The Coosa,’ that was running right along. ‘The Coosa’ steamboat, not the river, certainly not. Absurd. But to the history – I flew off at a tangent following the wanderings of a feeble mind. History is hard to write, dry and uninteresting except to those to whom the theme may appeal.

“There is absolutely no written history of the men and events of the earlier development of Gadsden. And I am wholly dependent upon the kindness of Mr. J. R. Hughes, and Judge Moragne, whose memories are vague as to dates and time in which many things that happened along up to the war. They admit this, as is naturally the case where one’s memory does not retain all the details for fifty or sixty years.

“In my own ease, I do not know now the date that Gen. Funston was sent to Vera Cruz. And blast me if I know what the world’s greatest and most cruel and destructive war is about today; except by taking the perfectly unbiased statements of England, Germany, France, Austria-Hungary, Russia, Servia and Belgium.

“Only I do think it a disgrace to European civilization to involve the unspeakable Turk, those of India, and others, in further prolonging a war of ruin and devastation.

“I see only a war prompted by greed and avarice. May the Lord be both a husband and a father to the widows and orphans left in the wake. My mind again wanders.

“Now to the history – on the north side of Broad Street next to the corner occupied by Whorton the druggist, came the general store of Hill & Cansler about 1845 to 1846; which was succeeded by Hill & Sulzer, who continued the business. Mr. Sulzer’s widow and daughter (Mrs. R. W. Crane) are living there. Many people will remember old man Cansler of the Cansler Addition fame.

“Next, the post office; J. D. McMichael, P.M., the back of which was occupied by C. P. Owens, Gadsden’s first tailor, 1846 to ‘47.

“Next, the saloon of Wiuf Livingston, 1847 to ‘48. 

“Next – the grocery store of J. D. Vann with accessories.

Early 1850s

“Next – the general store of W. E. Lucy & Co., in 1848 to 1849. W. E. Lucy was the father of our present esteemed citizen of that name, who married the sister of the wife of Mrs. Gen. Turrentine (the elder Lucy) was thus made the present. W. E. Lucy was a first cousin of all the children of Gen. Turrentine.

“Directly in the rear of Tom Hollingsworth’s store being later succeeded by A. Beyers & Co., which was next to Lucy & Co., (about which something will be said later) was the saloon of George Holloway, a typical house of homemade corn whiskey with a fight in every drink. And fight they did, from early morning till dewey eve.

“Saturday, however, was the Grand Day, when the rugged pioneers from all the country round about, met by appointment to settle their difficulties. Early in the morning, they would begin coming in droves from every direction, and at once proceed to George’s place to ‘discuss matters.’    
“Preliminary to the discussion, and just to show that they had ‘nothing agint one another,’ they took several rounds of good old corn, the arguments proceeding in a mild sort of a way.

“They took more drinks, and the arguments became more emphatic. They then took ‘s’more and s’more drinks, until their faces became red, bloated and vindictive, with anger shooting from their eyes.

“The real festivities of the Grand Day began, they went to it.

‘I am a man, suh.’

‘No living man can talk to me in that insulting way suh, etc.’

“The fight was on, fist and skull, chairs and bottles, pell-mell hell, until George’s place was demolished and the belligerents had exhausted themselves smashing heads, blacking eyes, and fierce kicking, that left every spot on their anatomy bruised and sore.

“They were assisted to their horses by sympathetic friends, and like the old Egyptians, silently folded their tents and moved away; but with unconquered spirits, resolving to get in training for the next Grand Day.

“On the south side of Broad Street there was no building except the Turrentine Hotel up to the present location of Caldwell-Spence Wholesale Grocery, on which site a general store was built and occupied by A. D. Hughes and Vincent, about 1850, who were succeeded by John T. Henry in the later fifties, a brother of the late Col. Sam Henry.

“Many people are manifesting much interest in this attempted history of antebellum Gadsden and are offering valuable suggestions therewith. I will be thankful for all aid that can be furnished me to make the details as accurate as possible.

“A written record of these events should be greatly appreciated by the people of Etowah, St. Clair, DeKalb, Cherokee, Blount and Marshall counties, as it is positively the first written history dealing in detail with Gadsden before 1855 or ‘56 and prior to 1840, including these counties as the last part of Alabama from which the Indians were removed and cut up into counties after many changes.”

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